Vitamins, as is well known, are one of the essential nutrients for the proper functioning of the body, but in its proper measure and without excess, as in other aspects of health, an excess of vitamins can have a detrimental effect to stay healthy .
What is hypervitaminosis?
Hypervitaminosis is an excessive accumulation of vitamins in the body that can lead to various problems. In medical terms, it refers to an excess of fat-soluble vitamins, especially vitamins A and D. These complications will depend on the vitamin that has exceeded its recommended consumption.
It should be noted that not all vitamins have the capacity to accumulate in the body: water-soluble, such as C and group B, are vitamins that are eliminated through the urine, so that hardly give cases of toxicity chronicle. However, excessive consumption of fat-soluble vitamins that accumulate in the body’s fatty tissues such as A, D, E and K can lead to cases of hypervitaminosis.
Consequences of hypervitaminosis
Hypervitaminosis, a disorder that has its consequences for health, is caused by too high intakes of vitamins present not only in food but also in supplements and vitamin supplements. Whenever these are included in our diet, we must do so under medical supervision to avoid unnecessary risks.
Most vitamins are easily removed by urine. However, excess vitamin A, which is mostly found in eggs, fatty fish and butter, may manifest after a high intake in a short time and this will produce acute hypervitaminosis or Chronically. The most common symptoms of excess vitamin A include blurred vision, headache, drowsiness, loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting, and in some cases, especially when it occurs in children, double vision or a Softening of the bones of the head.
Vitamin D is one of the super-vitamins, but when there is too much vitamin D and calcium it can directly affect bones, soft tissues, and kidneys. Vitamin D is found primarily in meats, cereals, oils, and mushrooms. Common symptoms include tiredness, loss of appetite, increased irritability, constipation, muscle weakness, and vomiting. Excess vitamin D is a risk factor for gastrointestinal problems, bone decalcification, and dehydration.
When it comes to an excess of vitamin E, whose normal function is to maintain cell membranes, nausea, diarrhea, and gas may appear.
An overdose of vitamin K increases the risks of liver problems and bleeding, as this vitamin acts directly on blood clotting.
How to treat hypervitaminosis
Usually, the treatments for hypervitaminosis in most cases consist of giving up vitamin consumption. It is very difficult to give an excessive intake of vitamins through the consumption of natural foods, in fact, the current imbalances of western food favor the lack of some vitamins, rather than excess, so hypervitaminosis is a little pathological state habitual. However, the consumption of some types of food and nutritional supplements can lead to states of excessive vitamin intake.
It is the latter that we should pay special attention, and consume them preferably under the recommendation and supervision of medical professional. It is important to note that healthy people who follow a balanced diet do not need vitamin supplements.
Another product that is highly rich in these vitamins, especially A and D, is fish liver oil, so it is important not to abuse it and follow medical recommendations regarding its proper consumption.
In case of poisoning by one of the vitamins that are exposed next, it will suffice to restrict of your diet the foods that contain the vitamin that has accumulated in excess in the organism. Keep in mind also that, at present, many foods are supplemented with these vitamins, so it is advisable to always consult the label, especially when consuming vitamin supplements, in order to avoid over-eating vitamin.