The 5 Types Of Gynecological Cancer You Should Know

When we talk about gynecological cancer we refer, in particular, to 5 types of diseases associated with the cervix, the ovaries, the uterus, the vagina and the vulva.

Each year thousands of women are diagnosed worldwide with some type of cancer associated with their reproductive organs and, although it is true that day by day medicine is progressing providing better treatments, it is mainly prevention that lives the most can save

We encourage you today from our space to know the following information and to never forget the periodic reviews with your gynecologist.

The reason? There are many diseases that run without symptoms, hence the importance of going through these tests that are mostly painless. Worth it!

The gynecological cancer awareness

There will never be a way to know 100% if we are going to suffer gynecological cancer or not at some time. While it is true that the genetic factor gives us a certain predisposition on many occasions, we must be aware that each person is unique and that nobody but ourselves knows when something is going well and when something is changing in our body.

We invite you to know symptoms associated with a possible cancer in women

Prevention saves lives and makes treatments more effective in most cases. So, it’s not worth trusting yourself. Even if you are young, even if there is no history in your family, before any small discomfort, abdominal pain or alterations in your menstruation, do not hesitate to ask for an appointment with your gynecologist.

To once again emphasize that gynecological cancer is one of the fields that has evolved the most within oncology, both in diagnosis, as well as in medical or surgical treatments.

So, do not immediately associate the word “cancer” with “death”, but with an illness that needs to be treated. Think of it as a problem that must be faced with courage, integrity and a lot of family support.

Types of gynecologic cancer

1. Cervical cancer

Year after year, cervical cancer has been declining, thanks mainly to the use of condoms, cervical-vaginal cytology and screening tests for human papillomavirus (HPV).

However, as we can see, early diagnosis is what can offer us success in treating the disease and the tumor process.

The symptoms would be the following:

  • Bleeding outside the period of menstruation.
  • Abundant vaginal discharge with small traces of blood.
  • Bleeding after sexual intercourse
  • Abdominal pain and discomfort in the lower back.
  • Point out that these symptoms may be related in turn to other diseases, such as an infection. However, they should put us on alert to see the doctor.

2. Ovarian cancer

Although ovarian cancer appears mostly in women between 50 and 70 years, we can not neglect it if we are younger, since this type of oncological disease have a fairly high incidence.

To this day, the causes of this type of gynecological cancer are not known. Experts tell us that it can be due to hormonal factors, or reproductive, diet, smoking, overweight or even the use of products such as talcum powder, since the genetic weight of this disease is not in very high values : between 10 and 15%.

Ovarian cancer usually produces few symptoms until we are in a more advanced stage. Hence the importance of revisions.

The symptoms would be the following:

  • We may feel a slight discomfort in the lower abdomen, something like indigestion.
  • Pain in the pelvis.
  • Anemia and weight loss.
  • ┬áLack of appetite, fatigue.
  • Increased body hair due to the alteration of hormones.

3. Cancer of the uterus

The cervix is the lower part of the uterus, which forms the channel that leads to the vagina. The problems in this type of cancer appear in a particular part where the ectocervix meets the endocervix and where they can get to form a type of carcinomas.

Ovarian cancer has less incidence in women who have had several pregnancies. However, we must also know that this type of disease has a very high genetic component.

A very famous case is that of Angelina Jolie who, as you know, opted to remove her ovaries and fallopian tubes due to her high genetic predisposition to ovarian and breast cancer.

The symptoms would be the following:

Bleed when we do not have menstruation
Abundant and bloody vaginal fluid
Bleed after having sex
Also know what are the irregularities in your menstruation

4. Vaginal cancer

Although it also has an important genetic component, it should be noted first that vaginal cancer is not as frequent as those cited previously. Now, within this type of gynecological cancer, we can differentiate two types:

Squamous cell carcinoma: It forms in the squamous cells that line the vagina. It has a slow progress, almost without symptoms until it reaches other organs.
Adenocarcinoma: It starts in the glandular cells of the vagina that produce and release fluids such as “vaginal mucus”. It is more common in postmenopausal women.
The symptoms would be the following:

  • Bleeding not related to menstruation.
  • Pain in the pelvis or back.
  • Pain when urinating.
  • The appearance of a lump in the vagina.

5. Vulvar cancer

It must be said that this type of cancer is not very frequent, and affects mainly the area of the labia labia.

It has a slow evolution and is associated, in general, in women who have started their sexual life very early and who have had several partners. (Remember that they are general estimates and that we should never neglect to not identify ourselves).

The aspects that we should take into account are the following:

  • Having an infection caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV).
  • Have a history of abnormal Pap smears (also known as Pap smears or Pap smears).
  • Lumps on the vulva or small foreign masses, such as warts, with a different color.
  • Having itching and a lot of discomfort in the area of the vulva.
  • Suffer bleeding not related to menstruation.
  • To conclude, keep in mind that the most important of all this is PREVENTION.

Remember to set your periodic reviews and that any inconvenience, however small, you should go to your doctor.

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