When it comes to organic gardening, all-natural fertilizer options can often be meager on the shelves of your garden supply store. Those that exist are more expensive and while they may say “organic” in packaging, you really do not know if they really are. Fortunately, making your own natural and organic fertilizers can be both easy and inexpensive, often using components you already have at home.
The formula of fertilizers
Perhaps you are new to the art of gardening, and perhaps you have not noticed (or yes), that on the label of most fertilizers that come pre-mixed, three numbers. These numbers represent three chemicals that are, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium or (N, P, K). These three nutrients are essential for overall phytosanitary health, for strong aerial growth and good root development. If you know these main components and the essential beams, you will always have well fed to your garden.
Trace elements (basic nutrients) for a plant
We as humans need not only proteins to keep our organism in full functionality, we also need carbohydrates and fats, in our diets. Plants resemble us in that sense, speaking of nutrients, but for them, they are basic, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. N, P, K. However, there are additionally thirteen chemical elements that contribute to the productivity and health of your garden.
Not only do these three trace elements or essential nutrients we have mentioned, are basic to the garden, there are also some secondary ones like calcium, sulfur and magnesium. Also, while photosynthesis happens, sunlight is used by plants to break down carbon dioxide and water by converting it into hydrogen carbon and oxygen, which become non-mineral plant food. There are also the micronutrients that a plant needs and must extract from the soil, these are copper, boron, chloride, iron, manganese, zinc and molybdenum.
Having developed this little introduction, you can understand more about the need for a plant’s basic nutrients to keep it healthy and disease-free.
10 natural fertilizer recipes for your garden plants
The following are some natural fertilizer recipes made with foods that contain the basic nutrients we already know. These natural fertilizer recipes are easy to make and above all, you will almost always have at hand all the ingredients to make them from your home with the fastest and most economical, and above all, keeping you and your plants, chemical free And toxic.
Plants that love acid like tomatoes, blueberries, roses and azaleas, are propelled with mixed coffee beans in the soil. But nitrogen is more likely to help them. Sprinkle on top of the floor before watering or pouring a liquid version on the floor. If you use it as a liquid, soak 6 cups of ground coffee in a 5 gallon bucket of water. Let stand for 2-3 days and then saturate the soil around the plants.
Eating a banana helps replenish lost potassium. Roses love potassium too. Simply throw one or two crushed husks into the hole before planting a rose bush. Tuck them under the padding so they can be naturally composted. You will get bigger flowers.
Eggshells are natural fertilizers
Wash them first, then crush them until they are powdered. It works this crushed shell powder on the ground near tomatoes and peppers. Calcium helps prevent rot in the flower. Egg shells are 93% calcium carbonate, the same ingredient as lime. This gives healthy and beautiful fruits suitable for saving seeds.
You can make a natural fertilizer rich in nutrients, using the first three elements, the banana peel of your smoothie, the coffee powder (what is left of your morning coffee), and the eggshells of your omelette this morning. Just introduce them in your processor or blender, add some water and grind until you get a homogenous paste. Place this mixture around the plants to give it a boost of calcium, potassium and nitrogen.
Fresh seaweeds do not need to be washed before using them to remove salt. Both fresh and dried versions are considered excellent nutrients for the soil. Algae contain trace elements and actually serve as a food source for soil microbes. Cut a small bucket of seaweed and add it to 5 gallons of water. Let stand for 2-3 weeks covered loosely.
Use it to soak the soil and foliage. 2 cups work well for a small plant, 4 cups for medium plants and 6 cups for a large plant. Experiment with quantities. Combine seaweed with other tea fertilizers.
You have your own fertilizer growing under your feet. Nettles, comfrey, yellow dock, burdock, horsetail and chickpea make a wonderful homemade fertilizer. There are several ways you can use them to make your own broth, liquid or nutrient tea, or to speed up your compost heap. You can dry the weeds in the sun and shred it to use as a mulch.
They are rich in nitrogen and do not steal your nutrients. Some people leave the weeds soggy for many days. Place a bunch of weed and root leaves in a 5 gallon bucket. Flatten the leaves with a brick to ensure that the plant material is covered and add water to cover.
Stir weekly and wait 3-5 weeks for the content to get thick and sticky. Then use that liquid at a ratio of 1:10 or more as soil fertilizer. To make it even more convenient, you can use two buckets and make a hole in the bottom of the bucket containing the plants. The sticky substance is filtered to the bottom hub. It is always best to apply diluted liquid fertilizer – it should look like a tea.
The use of molasses in compost tea, supposedly increases the microbes and beneficial bacteria that microbes feed. If you want to start with a simple recipe for molasses manure, mix 1-3 tablespoons of molasses in a gallon of water. Water your plants with this concoction and watch them grow bigger and healthier.
It sounds disgusting, but urine is considered a natural fertilizer, if the body from which it comes, is healthy and free of viruses and infections. High in nitrogen, urea contains more phosphorus and potassium than many of the fertilizers we buy in the store. If the portion of tomatoes that have been fertilized with urine is propelled, test on the compost pile. A good proportion of urine / water would be 1: 8. You can collect one cup of urine and pour it into 8 cups of water in a plastic bucket used outdoors to fertilize the plants. Pour 2 cups around the perimeter of each small plant. For medium plants, add 4 cups and large plants deserve 6 cups of your personal home brew.
Rich in nitrogen, the grass decomposes over time and improves the soil. Fill a 5 gallon bucket filled with grass clippings. You can even add herbs. Weeds absorb nutrients from the soil just like grass. Add water to the top of the bucket and let stand for a day or two. Dilute your herb tea by mixing 1 cup of liquid herb in 10 cups of water. Apply to the base of the plants using the same amounts as indicated above in the urine recipe.
With a little effort, you’ll find people who are giving away composted chicken, horse or cow manure for free. Composting and aged manure is the best. Add the composted manure to a small permeable bag made of recycled cloth, for example, a T-shirt or an old towel. Let it stand in the shade for a few days and apply it to your soil to condition it before planting. Some people use manure tea to soak the bare roots of the root.
Cat and dog food as natural fertilizer
Depending on the dog food you can recycle, this enriched land may not be organic. However, even cheap things contain protein and micro-nutrients that benefit the soil. To prepare a garden plot for planting, sprinkle dried pet food on the bed, put the soil and water. Let it decompose naturally. To discourage wildlife from any attractive snack they can see, cover with cardboard until it decomposes.
The carton will also trap moisture and discourage weeds. Make sure the carton gets wet and covers with mulch. Water thoroughly every week for four weeks. The soybean meal and the alfalfa tablets from the grain store also work very well. Sometimes grain stores sell cheap or give away spoiled grain. Check the salt content of pet food and try not to add high sodium foods. 3% sodium is fine.